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Choosing the Perfect Camping Backpack: A Comprehensive Guide for Every Adventure
Choosing the Perfect Camping Backpack: A Comprehensive Guide for Every Adventure

Introduction: Selecting the right camping backpack is crucial for a seamless outdoor experience. From sizing considerations to material choices, let's delve into the essentials of finding the perfect backpack for your adventures.

1. Size Matters: Determining the ideal size for your camping backpack depends on the type of activity. For day trips, opt for a compact 30-40-liter bag. Longer treks may require 50-70 liters, while extended journeys or winter trips may demand an 80-liter capacity.

2. Activity-Specific Selection: a. Day Hikes (30-40 Liters): Choose a lightweight, compact backpack for short day hikes. Look for water-resistant options to protect essentials from unexpected drizzles.

b. Overnight Camping (50-70 Liters): A mid-sized backpack with additional space for camping gear is ideal. Consider a waterproof or water-resistant model for unpredictable weather conditions.

c. Extended Journeys (80 Liters): Opt for a large backpack for extended trips. Look for durability and ample compartments for organized packing. Waterproof or water-resistant materials are beneficial.

3. Material Matters: a. Waterproof Backpacks: Ideal for rainy conditions, river crossings, or water-based activities. Keeps your gear dry but may be heavier than other options.

b. Leather Backpacks: Offer a classic and rugged aesthetic. Perfect for shorter trips and less strenuous activities. Consider additional waterproofing for protection.

c. Canvas Backpacks: Strike a balance between durability and weight. Great for various activities, offering breathability and resistance to light rain. Apply waterproofing for added protection.

4. Customization for Comfort: Consider backpacks with adjustable straps, padded hip belts, and back ventilation systems for enhanced comfort during long hikes.

5. Our Backpack Collection: Explore our curated collection of camping backpacks, designed to cater to every adventure:

  1. Explore the Versatility - Design-1
  2. Discover Durability - Design-2
  3. Experience the Outdoors - Design-3
  4. Unleash Adventure - Design-4

Conclusion: Choosing the right camping backpack involves a thoughtful consideration of size, activity, and material. Elevate your outdoor experiences by selecting a backpack tailored to your needs. Explore our collection for quality, durability, and style that enhances every adventure.

Unraveling the Mysteries of the Turkish Bow

Unraveling the Mysteries of the Turkish Bow

Turkish Sipahi Recurve Short Outdoor Bow Traditional Ottoman

Author:Murat KANDİL


The art of archery has been a crucial aspect of human civilization, serving as a means of hunting, warfare, and sport. Different cultures developed their unique bow designs, tailored to their specific needs and environment. One such iconic bow is the Turkish bow, a composite bow used in the Ottoman Empire. This article will delve into the history of the Turkish bow, compare it with the English Longbow, and highlight reasons why one might prefer using a Turkish bow.

The History of the Turkish Bow



The origins of the Turkish bow can be traced back to the Central Asian nomads, who were among the first to develop composite bows. The Turkish bow evolved from these early designs and was perfected by the Ottomans, who used it extensively in their military campaigns.

Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire, which lasted from 1299 to 1922, was a period of significant advancement in archery technology. The Ottomans placed a high value on archery, and their bows were considered some of the best in the world. The Turkish bow was a crucial weapon in the Ottoman army and was used by both infantry and cavalry units.

Turkish Bow vs. English Longbow

 Turkish Bow

The Turkish bow is characterized by its compact, almost crescent shape, and its relatively short length. It is made from a combination of horn, wood, and sinew, which allows it to store more energy and shoot arrows at higher speeds.


  1. Maneuverability: The compact design makes it easier to handle, especially on horseback.
  2. Speed: Shoots arrows at very high speeds, increasing range and penetrating power.
  3. Performance in Different Climates: The composite materials make it resistant to changes in humidity and temperature.


  1. Maintenance: Requires more maintenance compared to self bows like the English Longbow.
  2. Production Time and Cost: More complex to make, involving more materials, making it more expensive and time-consuming to produce.

English Longbow

The English Longbow is a type of self bow made from a single piece of wood, usually yew. It is characterized by its tall, almost straight shape, which is roughly the same height as the archer using it.


  1. Simplicity: Easier to produce and maintain compared to composite bows.
  2. Power: Stores a lot of energy, enabling it to shoot heavy arrows over long distances.
  3. Durability: Relatively durable and resistant to damage.


  1. Size: Less maneuverable, especially in confined spaces or on horseback.
  2. Performance in Different Climates: Susceptible to changes in humidity and temperature compared to composite bows.

 Why Choose a Turkish Bow?



If you plan to shoot from horseback or in confined spaces, the compact design of the Turkish bow is a significant advantage.


The Turkish bow can shoot arrows at higher speeds compared to the English Longbow. This can be a crucial advantage in both hunting and target shooting.

Climate Resistance

If you live in a region with significant changes in humidity and temperature, the Turkish bow's resistance to these changes can be a decisive factor.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. What is the effective range of a Turkish bow? The effective range of a Turkish bow varies depending on the bow's draw weight and the archer's skill level. However, experienced archers can accurately shoot targets at distances of up to 50 meters or more.

  2. Is it challenging to learn how to shoot a Turkish bow? Shooting a Turkish bow can be challenging for beginners due to its unique shape and shooting technique. However, with practice and proper guidance, one can master the Turkish bow and enjoy its benefits.

  3. Can I use modern arrows with a Turkish bow? Yes, you can use modern arrows with a Turkish bow. However, it is essential to choose arrows with the appropriate spine (flexibility) and weight for your bow.



While both the Turkish bow and the English Longbow have their unique advantages and disadvantages, the Turkish bow offers better maneuverability, speed, and resistance to climatic changes. These factors make it a preferred choice for many archers, especially those shooting from horseback or in varying climatic conditions. Whether you are a seasoned archer or a beginner looking to explore the world of traditional archery, the Turkish bow is undoubtedly worth considering.

Demystifying Draw Weight and Draw Length in Archery

Author:Murat KANDİL


Archery is a sport of precision, control, and strength. While it may seem as simple as pulling the string and releasing an arrow, there are several key factors that contribute to becoming a proficient archer. Two of the most important yet often misunderstood aspects are draw weight and draw length. This comprehensive guide aims to demystify these essential elements, explaining their importance, how to measure them, and how to adjust them to optimize your archery experience. Whether you are a beginner picking up a bow for the first time or a seasoned archer looking to refine your skills, understanding draw weight and draw length is crucial for your journey.


Understanding Draw Weight

What is Draw Weight?

Draw weight is the force required to pull the bowstring back to its full draw position. It is measured in pounds (lbs) and is often indicated on the bow itself. The draw weight of a bow determines how much energy is transferred to the arrow upon release, affecting its speed and penetration power.

Why is Draw Weight Important?

  1. Skill Level: Beginners usually start with a lower draw weight to build strength and develop proper shooting techniques. As your skill level progresses, you may find it necessary to increase the draw weight to improve arrow speed and accuracy.

  2. Purpose: The required draw weight varies depending on the purpose of your archery. Target shooting, hunting, and competitive archery may require different draw weights.

  3. Legal Requirements: Some regions have legal minimum draw weight requirements for hunting. It is essential to check the local regulations and ensure that your bow meets the necessary criteria.

Factors Affecting Draw Weight

  1. Bow Type: Different types of bows, such as recurve bows, longbows, and compound bows, have varying draw weight ranges.
  2. Archer's Physical Strength: Your physical strength plays a significant role in determining the maximum draw weight you can handle comfortably and consistently.
  3. Experience Level: As you gain experience and develop stronger muscles, you will be able to handle higher draw weights more comfortably.

How to Choose the Right Draw Weight

  1. Consult a Professional: If you are a beginner, it is advisable to consult a professional or an experienced archer to assess your skill level and recommend a suitable starting draw weight.
  2. Start with a Lower Draw Weight: Beginners should start with a lower draw weight and gradually increase it as they develop strength and improve their technique.
  3. Consider Your Purpose: Determine the primary purpose of your archery activities. For example, if you plan to hunt large game, you may need a higher draw weight compared to target shooting.

Measuring and Adjusting Draw Length

What is Draw Length?

Draw length is the distance from the nock point of the arrow to the deepest part of the grip, plus 1 3/4 inches. It is the distance you pull the bowstring back to achieve a full draw.

Importance of Draw Length

  1. Accuracy: An incorrect draw length can lead to poor form and affect the accuracy of your shots.
  2. Comfort: Using a bow with an inappropriate draw length can cause muscle strain and discomfort during shooting.
  3. Bow Efficiency: A bow is most efficient when drawn to its correct draw length. This maximizes the arrow's speed and power.

How to Measure Your Draw Length

  1. Wingspan Method: This is the most common method for estimating draw length. Stand with your arms outstretched, and measure the distance from fingertip to fingertip. Divide this measurement by 2.5 to get an approximate draw length.
  2. ATA Method: The Archery Trade Association (ATA) provides guidelines for measuring draw length based on the specific type of bow you are using.
  3. Professional Assistance: For the most accurate measurement, it is advisable to seek the assistance of a professional or use specialized equipment at an archery shop.

    Adjusting Draw Length

    The draw length of a bow is crucial for achieving proper shooting form and maximizing the bow's efficiency. Unfortunately, many archers, especially beginners, often overlook the importance of having a correctly adjusted draw length. Here is a guide on how to adjust the draw length of your bow.

    Why Adjust Draw Length?

    1. Improve Accuracy: A correctly adjusted draw length helps you maintain a consistent anchor point, which is essential for accurate shooting.
    2. Prevent Strain: Shooting with a draw length that is too long or too short can lead to muscle strain and discomfort.
    3. Optimize Bow Performance: Bows are designed to perform optimally at a specific draw length. Adjusting the draw length to suit your size and shooting style will help you get the most out of your bow.

    How to Adjust Draw Length

    For Compound Bows:

    1. Check the Bow's Manual: Most modern compound bows have adjustable draw lengths. Check the manual that came with your bow to see the range of draw lengths it can be adjusted to.

    2. Use a Bow Press: To adjust the draw length on a compound bow, you will usually need a bow press to relax the bowstring and cables. This allows you to change the position of the cams or modules, which in turn changes the draw length.

    3. Adjust the Modules or Cams: The modules or cams on a compound bow control the draw length. To adjust the draw length, you will need to change the position of the modules or cams according to the manufacturer's instructions.

    4. Test the New Draw Length: After making the adjustments, test the new draw length to ensure it is comfortable and allows you to maintain proper form.

    For Recurve Bows and Longbows:

    Recurve bows and longbows do not have adjustable draw lengths like compound bows. The draw length is determined by the archer's arm length and shooting form. However, you can make small adjustments to your shooting form to find a comfortable and efficient draw length.

    1. Find a Comfortable Anchor Point: The anchor point is where you draw the bowstring back to on your face. Common anchor points are the corner of the mouth or the cheekbone. Finding a comfortable and consistent anchor point will help you maintain a consistent draw length.

    2. Maintain Proper Form: Proper shooting form is crucial for finding a comfortable and efficient draw length. Make sure your stance is correct, your grip on the bow is relaxed, and your back muscles are engaged when drawing the bow.

    3. Practice, Practice, Practice: The more you practice, the more natural your draw length will become. Over time, you will develop muscle memory, and your draw length will become second nature.

    Tips for Adjusting Draw Length

    1. Seek Professional Help: If you are unsure about adjusting the draw length of your bow, it is always advisable to seek professional help. An experienced archery instructor or a reputable archery shop can help you adjust your draw length correctly.

    2. Don't Rush: Finding the correct draw length may take time. Don't rush the process, and be willing to make small adjustments until you find the draw length that is most comfortable and efficient for you.

    3. Regularly Re-evaluate: As you progress in your archery journey, your shooting form may change, and you may find that a different draw length is more comfortable. Regularly re-evaluate your draw length to ensure it is still suitable for you.


    Understanding and adjusting your draw length is crucial for achieving proper shooting form, preventing muscle strain, and optimizing your bow's performance. Whether you are shooting with a compound bow, recurve bow, or longbow, taking the time to adjust your draw length correctly will significantly improve your archery experience. Remember to seek professional help if needed, and regularly re-evaluate your draw length as you progress in your archery journey. Happy shooting!

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    1. Can I Increase My Draw Weight to Shoot Further?

    Yes, increasing your draw weight will generally increase the arrow's speed and, consequently, its range. However, it is essential to balance this with control and accuracy. Shooting with too high a draw weight can lead to poor form, reduced accuracy, and muscle strain. It is always recommended to increase draw weight gradually and ensure you can maintain proper form and control.

    2. Can I Adjust the Draw Length of Any Bow?

    Adjustable draw lengths are primarily a feature of compound bows. Most modern compound bows have adjustable draw lengths, either by changing the modules on the cams or by replacing the cams entirely. Recurve bows and longbows do not have adjustable draw lengths, as their draw length is determined by the archer's arm length and shooting form.

    3. What Happens If My Draw Length Is Too Long?

    If your draw length is too long, you may find it difficult to maintain a consistent anchor point, leading to reduced accuracy. You may also experience muscle strain and discomfort as you overextend your muscles and joints. Additionally, an excessively long draw length can cause the bowstring to slap your forearm when released, causing bruises and discomfort.

    4. What Happens If My Draw Length Is Too Short?

    If your draw length is too short, you will not be able to fully engage your back muscles, leading to poor shooting form and reduced arrow speed and power. You may also find it uncomfortable to maintain a proper anchor point, which can lead to inconsistent shooting and reduced accuracy.

    5. How Often Should I Adjust My Draw Weight and Draw Length?

    Your draw weight and draw length should be adjusted as needed based on your comfort, shooting form, and purpose. As a beginner, you may need to adjust your draw weight and draw length more frequently as you develop strength and improve your shooting form. However, once you find a comfortable and efficient draw weight and draw length, you may not need to make adjustments unless your physical condition changes or your archery goals change (e.g., switching from target shooting to hunting).

    6. Is There a Standard Draw Weight and Draw Length for Beginners?

    There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question as it depends on the individual's physical strength, size, and purpose. However, a common starting point for adult beginners is a draw weight of around 20-25 lbs for recurve bows and 40-50 lbs for compound bows. For draw length, the best approach is to measure your arm span and divide by 2.5 to get an approximate draw length. It is always recommended to consult a professional or an experienced archer to assess your individual needs and recommend a suitable starting point.

    7. Can I Use the Same Arrows for Different Draw Weights and Draw Lengths?

    While it is possible to use the same arrows for different draw weights and draw lengths, it may not be optimal. The spine (stiffness) of the arrow needs to be matched to the bow's draw weight and draw length to achieve optimal arrow flight and accuracy. If you change your draw weight or draw length significantly, you may need to adjust your arrows' spine to match the new setup.


    Understanding and properly adjusting your draw weight and draw length is essential to your success and enjoyment in archery. Whether you are a beginner or a seasoned archer, it is crucial to regularly assess and, if necessary, adjust your draw weight and draw length to match your physical condition, shooting form, and archery goals. Remember to seek professional help if needed, and don't rush the process. With patience and practice, you will find the draw weight and draw length that are just right for you. Happy shooting!

A Beginner's Guide to Traditional Archery

A Beginner's Guide to Traditional Archery

Authors:Murat KANDİL


Outline of the Article:

  1. Introduction to Traditional Archery
    • What is traditional archery?
    • Brief history of traditional archery.

  2. Equipment Needed
    • Bow types (longbow, recurve, etc.).
    • Arrow types (wooden, carbon, etc.).
    • Additional gear (armguards, finger tabs, etc.).
  3. Choosing the Right Bow
    • Factors to consider (draw weight, bow length, etc.).
    • Testing different bows.
  4. Understanding Arrows
    • Components of an arrow (shaft, fletching, nock).
    • Matching arrows to your bow.
  5. Proper Shooting Technique
    • Stance and posture.
    • Nocking the arrow.
    • Drawing and anchoring.
    • Aiming and releasing.
  6. Safety Precautions
    • Importance of safety in archery.
    • Protective gear.
  7. Practicing Accuracy
    • Setting up targets.
    • Drills to improve aim.
  8. Maintaining Your Gear
    • Cleaning and storing your bow and arrows.
    • Checking for damage.
  9. Joining a Community
    • Benefits of joining archery clubs or groups.
    • Finding local resources.
  10. Getting Started with Traditional Archery
    • Taking beginner classes.
    • Starting with basic equipment.
  11. Common Mistakes to Avoid
    • Flinching.
    • Gripping the bow too tightly.
    • Overdrawing.
  12. Understanding Different Archery Styles
    • Target archery.
    • Field archery.
    • 3D archery.
  13. Building Strength and Stamina
    • Exercises to improve archery performance.
    • Importance of physical fitness.
  14. Setting Goals and Tracking Progress
    • Establishing achievable goals.
    • Monitoring improvement over time.
  15. Conclusion
    • Recap of key points.
    • Encouragement for beginners to continue their journey in traditional archery.

A Beginner's Guide to Traditional Archery

Introduction to Traditional Archery

Traditional archery is a timeless art that has been practiced for centuries. Unlike modern compound bows, traditional archery relies on simpler equipment, such as recurve bows or longbows, and wooden arrows. It's a discipline that connects practitioners to history and nature, offering a unique experience that combines skill, precision, and appreciation for the outdoors.

Equipment Needed

When starting with traditional archery, it's essential to have the right equipment. The primary items include the bow, arrows, and additional gear like armguards and finger tabs. Traditional bows come in various types, each with its own advantages and characteristics. Recurve bows are popular for their versatility, while longbows offer a classic design and smooth shooting experience. Wooden arrows are commonly used in traditional archery, providing authenticity and a satisfying "thwack" when hitting the target.

You can buy the arrow in this blog photo from this link:

Choosing the Right Bow

Selecting the right bow is crucial for a beginner. Factors such as draw weight, bow length, and hand dominance play a role in determining the most suitable bow for an individual. It's recommended to test different bows to find the one that feels comfortable and matches your shooting style.

Understanding Arrows

Arrows consist of several components, including the shaft, fletching, and nock. Understanding these parts and how they affect arrow flight is essential for accuracy and consistency in shooting. Matching arrows to your bow's draw weight and length is crucial for optimal performance.

Proper Shooting Technique

Developing proper shooting technique is fundamental in traditional archery. This includes maintaining a stable stance, properly nocking the arrow, drawing and anchoring consistently, aiming with precision, and executing a smooth release. Practicing these fundamentals regularly will lead to improved accuracy and confidence.

Safety Precautions

Safety should always be a top priority in archery. Wearing protective gear such as armguards and finger tabs can prevent injuries from bowstring contact. Additionally, following range rules and practicing proper etiquette when shooting with others ensures a safe and enjoyable experience for everyone.

Practicing Accuracy

Improving accuracy requires regular practice and dedication. Setting up targets at various distances and practicing different shooting scenarios helps develop consistency and precision. Incorporating drills and exercises into your practice routine can target specific aspects of your shooting technique for improvement.

Maintaining Your Gear

Taking care of your equipment prolongs its lifespan and ensures optimal performance. Regularly cleaning and inspecting your bow and arrows for any signs of damage is essential. Proper storage, away from extreme temperatures and humidity, helps prevent warping or other damage to wooden equipment.

Joining a Community

Joining an archery club or group provides opportunities for learning, camaraderie, and motivation. Experienced archers can offer valuable advice and guidance to beginners, and participating in competitions or group shoots fosters a sense of community and friendly competition.

Getting Started with Traditional Archery

For beginners, starting with basic equipment and taking beginner classes is a recommended approach. Learning proper technique from qualified instructors sets a solid foundation for future growth in the sport. As skills develop, archers can explore more advanced equipment and shooting styles.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

Beginners often make common mistakes such as flinching, gripping the bow too tightly, or overdrawing. Being aware of these errors and actively working to correct them can lead to significant improvements in shooting consistency and accuracy.

Understanding Different Archery Styles

Traditional archery encompasses various styles, including target archery, field archery, and 3D archery. Each style offers its own set of challenges and rewards, catering to different preferences and interests among archers.

Building Strength and Stamina

Physical fitness plays a crucial role in archery performance. Exercises that target core strength, upper body stability, and endurance can improve shooting consistency and reduce fatigue during long shooting sessions.

Setting Goals and Tracking Progress

Setting achievable goals and tracking progress is essential for motivation and growth in archery. Whether it's improving accuracy, increasing draw weight, or mastering a new shooting technique, having clear objectives helps maintain focus and drive.


Traditional archery is a rewarding pursuit that combines skill, patience, and appreciation for nature. By following this beginner's guide and embracing the journey of learning and improvement, newcomers to the sport can experience the joy and satisfaction of hitting the mark with a well-aimed arrow.


  1. Is traditional archery suitable for beginners?

    • Yes, traditional archery is accessible to beginners and offers a rich and fulfilling experience for those willing to learn and practice.
  2. Do I need a lot of space to practice traditional archery?

    • Not necessarily. Many archery ranges and clubs offer indoor and outdoor facilities suited for various skill levels and shooting distances.
  3. How long does it take to become proficient in traditional archery?

    • The time it takes to become proficient varies for each individual, depending on factors such as natural ability, dedication to practice, and access to instruction and resources.
  4. Can children participate in traditional archery?

    • Yes, many children enjoy traditional archery as a recreational activity or competitive sport. It's essential to provide proper supervision and guidance to ensure safety and proper technique.
  5. What are some common misconceptions about traditional archery?

    • One common misconception is that traditional archery is outdated or inferior to modern archery equipment. In reality, traditional archery offers a unique experience that emphasizes skill and connection to history and nature.
A Deadly Weapon Defeated by Rifles in History: Crossbows


                      A Deadly Weapon Defeated by Rifles in History: Crossbows

B - Other - Animations Compilation Mod 2.0 (Warband) Video&Pics |  TaleWorlds Forums

Authors:Seray Tunç




 The Crossbow is a ranged weapon consisting of a bow attached to an ergonomic wooden body. The principle of operation is to throw the arrow on the wooden body (seating) forward by pulling the trigger that keeps the bow taut. When and where the crossbow was discovered is a bit of a mess, especially since the Persian resources were destroyed by the Arab invasion. However, estimates are that it was discovered by the Chinese around 600 BC. It is a weapon known in Greek and Roman times.



 Its biggest feature is that it pierces very well even all piece plate armor thanks to its short arrows and energy. The ability to penetrate armor very well is the biggest feature that distinguishes croosbows from other bows. It could easily kill a fully equipped knight. For this reason, it was a very deadly weapon in the Middle Ages. Thanks to the power of the crossbows, even ordinary soldiers managed to pierce the armor of the knights with successive shots and throw them out of battle. That's why II. The Council of Loterano prohibited the use of the crossbow against one another among Christians at 1139.

 Another important advantage of the crossbow is its ease of use. This type of spring can be used by young, old, children and women because of its ease of use. To use the crossbow, it was enough to pull the trigger and aim. But using other springs required years of training. Therefore, the crossbow was used by everyone. It is also a weapon that allows to wait as long as desired after the mechanism is stretched, so that the target can be tracked and suddenly thrown at the target.

 Carrying and using this bow was no more difficult than carrying and using infantry rifles of recent use. It was a very useful weapon, especially in defense. Used behind walls and trenches, it was more useful than launchers or even a regular bow. Because unlike the traditional bow, it was possible to use the crossbow lying face down and camouflaged. In addition, it was stronger and more accurate than conventional bows.


 It is very effective at only close range, its range is not very high. Not suitable for distant targets.

 The biggest disadvantage of the crossbow is the length of time between two shots. After shooting an arrow, it is necessary to insert a new arrow into the wooden body and attach the mechanism. It was a weapon that could fire only about two arrows per minute. In the famous Crecy battle in history, the crossbow brought defeat to the French because of this feature. This war was fought between the British and French armies, and the French were outnumbered in the war. But the British won the war. In this war, while the French used the Tatar bow, the British used a bow called Longbow that could shoot 6-7 arrows per minute. 


 With the beginning of the 15th century, when the construction and design of the crossbow reached perfection, the widespread use of the rifle, which is a more powerful weapon, caused the crossbow to fall into the background against this weapon. The armies were more enthusiastic about the use of the rifle than the crossbow, taking into account the psychological impact of this new weapon. The use of the crossbow, which has such important features, ended with a decree in history. A French King was killed with this bow, and the Pope completely banned the use of the crossbow, calling it an invention of the devil.


   Crossbows in Today's World

   Today's crossbows serve mostly in hunting activities. Of course, this bow has undergone great changes compared to the past. For example, binoculars are attached to the gun. At the same time, laser types are also available in the market. Crossbows made today are made of Carbon Fiber and are produced very strong. At the same time, today's crossbow works very quietly, not as loudly as modern weapons.

 The Chinese, on the other hand, developed the crossbow. With a spring-mounted magazine and an arm that can move back and forth, they turned it into a weapon they called Chu-ko-nu, which can shoot arrows alternately.











Expert Historian Kennedy Hickman

Columnist Deniz İhsan Taşdelen

Columnist Erdoğan Gül